(02) 9796 4176
48 Kitchener Parade
Bankstown NSW 2200

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Eye Anatomy

Cross section of the eye

Eye Anatomy

  • The anterior chamber is the area bounded in front by the cornea and in back by the lens, and filled with aqueous
  • The choroid , which carries blood vessels, is the inner coat between the sclera and the retina
  • The conjunctiva is a clear membrane covering the white of the eye (sclera)
  • The cornea is a clear, transparent portion of the outer coat of the eyeball through which light passes to the lens
  • The iris gives our eyes color and it functions like the aperture on a camera, enlarging in dim light and contracting in bright light. The aperture itself is known as the pupil
  • The lens helps to focus light on the retina
  • The macula is a small area in the retina that provides our most central, acute vision
  • The optic nerve conducts visual impulses to the brain from the retina
  • The posterior chamber is the area behind the iris, but in front of the lens, that is filled with aqueous
  • The pupil is the opening, or aperture, of the iris
  • The retina is the innermost coat of the back of the eye, formed of light-sensitive nerve endings that carry the visual impulse to the optic nerve. The retina may be compared to the film of a camera
  • The sclera is the white of the eye
  • The vitreous is a transparent, colorless mass of soft, gelatinous material filling the eyeball behind the lens

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